The Trade Names of Silk Fabrics

Have you bought a silk that is not silk?

Here I tell you, in a very summarized way, how a fabric is made so that you do not get caught for a hare when you want to get a good silk fabric or any other type.

There are millions of trade names for fabrics, such as: satin, shantung, taffeta, chiffon, canvas, peach skin, silk touch, blanket, organza, nylon, royal silk, poplin, cashmere, linen, flannel, lycra , polyester, satin, etc.

However, not because the fabric includes the word "silk" in its trade name, does it mean that it is silk.

And why is this happening?

Silk has inspired millions of textile developments, in order to imitate some of its properties such as touch, shine or drape. And this is one of the reasons why they have achieved that the textile industry today has extraordinary inventions, which have revolutionized people's lives and filled the market for fabrics around the world with possibilities. However, natural silk is still treated as a precious treasure.

How do you make a fabric?

First, the fiber is collected (if it is a natural fiber), and if it is synthetic it is produced raw fiber. For example: cotton is obtained by picking the cotton flower, wool by shearing sheep, flax by carding the stems of the plant, and silk by collecting silk cocoons.

Since you have the fiber, it is cleaned and twisted to make the thread. Although it may not seem like it, there are many types of threads: one end, two ends, twisted to the right or to the left.

Having the thread, they are put on a loom to intertwine them, that is to say: weave. There are three fabrics fundamental in addition to the fascinating Jacquard and the “world apart” of knitting. These are the so-called openwork fabrics: taffeta, twill and satin; infinity of variants derive from them.

The decorative process of finish that is given to the fabric after it is woven. Here yes, we have already blown the wall of the number of variants that exist: dyed, chintz, embossed, stamped, frosted, plush, washed, bleached, velvety, to name a few.

So we have the sum of each process:

fiber + yarn + fabric + finish = fabric

A technical description could be:

cotton, with double strand, in plain weave, indigo blue dyed = denim

If in each process we have so many options that we can combine, the variants are exponential and that is the world of textile design and engineering.

 With this example it will be clearer:

Some trade names for fabrics that were originally silk are: shantung, satin, satin, twill, chiffon, taffeta, chiffon, crepe, organza, georgette, bourrette, habotai, velvet, and jacquard. They are known because they are not only made of silk but can also be found in polyester, nylon, cotton etc.

So, if you have doubts if the fabric is silk, look for the composition label on the tube in which the fabric is rolled and in the next article on my blog I will tell you how to do a small home test on the fabric to be sure it is. 100% silk.

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